FAQ for the Medfield Deer Culling Program

Medfield Lyme Disease Study Committee


Frequently Asked Questions about Medfield’s Deer Management Program


1. How is deer reduction linked to Lyme disease?  Reducing deer populations has shown to reduce the risk of getting Lyme Disease.  Lyme disease has been increasing and poses a significant health risk to the residents of Medfield and surrounding towns.  Deer are a key part in the life cycle of deer ticks which carry Lyme disease.  Multiple studies have shown a strong link between large deer populations and the incidences of Lyme disease. Conversely, when deer populations have been reduced, Lyme disease has been reduced.   The Board of Selectmen asked the Lyme Disease Study Committee to look into what Medfield can do to further protect the town’s residents.  The Committee recommends that we reduce the size of the deer herd to the level that the state recommends. 


  1. Are hunters going to be walking in my back yard?  No.  Hunters will be restricted to fixed positions in areas where land owners have agreed to allow hunting. Tree stands will be used so that hunters will be shooting down towards the ground.


  1. Can a hunter hunt in my backyard? All hunters must follow MassWildlife rules and regulations, which prohibit the discharge of a bow or arrow within 500 feet of a house unless written permission is obtained from the homeowner. 


  1. Will hunters be using guns?  No, only bow and arrow hunting is allowed.


  1. How are hunters selected?  Hunters are interviewed and approved by Committee members.  All hunters undergo a background check by the Medfield Police Department and have to pass a proficiency test.  A limited number of hunters are selected.


  1. What if I want someone to hunt on my property?  Contact the Medfield Lyme Disease Study Committee and your parcel of land may be considered for the program.


  1. Are land owners or the town liable for accidents? The Massachusetts statute (Chapter 21, Section 17C) protects landowners from liability for “personal injuries or property damage sustained by such members of the public” when they permit the public to use their land for “recreational, conservation, scientific, educational, environmental, ecological, research, religious, or charitable purposes without imposing a charge or fee…”


  1. Is hunting permitted seven days a week?  No. There is no hunting permitted on Sundays.


  1. Have the previous years of the Deer Reduction Program been  successful?  The program has been run for five years and has been consdiered a success each year.   The first goal is safety for all Medfield residents.  There have been no incidents and the hunters on average culled 30 deer a year.  In addition, the hunters worked in conjunction with the Medfield Police department to dismantle many illegal tree stands used for hunting throughout the town.